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Integrated Project Delivery

Abstract

The construction industry requires planning to achieve all the set targets and maintain the standards. Delivery is also paramount to all construction projects to ensure that there is sustainable development that accommodates the rising needs of all persons. People in the current regime require offices, homes, social amenities, and other recreational homes. All these structures should meet the international standards that will ensure they are fit to reside. Experts can use various ways to ensure that the construction projects are ready for use in the shortest possible time. One delivery approach that experts employ is the Integrated Project Delivery. Integrated Project Delivery ensures that all persons who are stakeholders in a project interact to make the project a success. All the systems, business structures and systems amalgamate to form a single process. One would derive numerous advantages by incorporating Integrated Project Delivery into a project. The paper discusses the advantages that projects that use this approach and explains the impact of this approach in the current world of today.

Introduction

Integrated Project Delivery is an approach in the delivery of projects, which amalgamates people, business structures, systems, and practices into one process. The Integrated Project Delivery approach harnesses the talents and insights of all participants to ensure that the results of the project are optimal. The optimization comprises of increasing the value of to the owner, minimizing waste, and maximizing the efficiency of the project through all phases of construction, which include fabrication and design. The approach is distinct from all other approaches. It combines and ensures productive collaboration of the prime designer, the owner, and the prime constructor at the most primitive stages and proceeds until the project ends, and the owner takes over. Various elements must be present to ensure that a project follows the Integrated Project Delivery Approach. When using this approach, the owner, builders, and all key designers must have a continuous update throughout the process. The three people have a limited liability on the project. In addition, the three elements in the project have a multiparty agreement or jointly control the project. The Integrated Project Delivery is a shift from the Traditional Project Delivery. The distinction is on a number of elements. They include teams, processes, risk, and reward. Moreover, the advancement in technology together with the demand for owners for working processes has led to the adoption of Integrated Project Delivery approach. The approach helps generate faster, better and less costly construction projects.

The Integrated Project Delivery approach is a solution to some of the ills in the construction industry. In the past, the owner, architect, and general contractor fail to agree on particular aspects of the building. The disagreement leads to a stall in the completion of the project or occasioned inflated budgets. Many other corporations around the globe use this approach to ensure that they complete their projects on time. The essence of using Integrated Project Delivery is that it focuses on the integration of all efforts of the participants and ensures there is collective responsibility. The approach ensures the decisions made in regards to the construction maximize the value of the building. The approach advocates data sharing between the owner and the construction team, and this enhances productivity in construction.

The construction industry is championing for the use of the Integrated Project Approach in all buildings in the recent times. The rationale is that the approach leads to the development of projects that are optimal, effective and give the owners value for money invested in the building. The approach reduces the waste and the inefficiencies that the construction industry faces in the current world. The advantages that the approach has to the construction industry surpass the detriments of the approach. The benefits act as the pillars upon which the industry supports the approach.

Other components that enhance the Integrated Project Delivery approach include Building Information Modeling. The technology is a critical component of the approach as it facilitates the information sharing amongst all related parties. The huge potential in the theory of the approach makes it highly preferred. Nevertheless, the adoption has been a challenge. The rationale is that these contracts drawn in the approach raise numerous issues on legal and risk management. However, some of the strong-willed persons proceed with the approach as it achieves the best of results.

Integrated Project Approach has numerous advantages. Firstly, it generates greater efficiencies. On an estimate, the integration of all construction activities and stakeholders leads to a cut in costs by 30%. The cut occurs if the construction occurs in a number of projects. On a single project, integration leads to a cut in costs by 2% to 10% of the total cost. These are the benefits of the project. In addition to these advantages, individual persons experience the benefits of the integration. The owners of the construction project also benefit from the integration. There is streamlined communication amongst all the stakeholders, and this helps the owners in balancing the project options to meet the business enterprise goals they intend to achieve. The other parties to the contract comprehend with detail the specific requirements of the owner due to the integration and thus deliver on their mandate. The integration helps the parties to the contract to understand the capability of the owner thus install necessary measures to cut costs.

The constructors benefit from the integration, as well. It permits the constructors to contribute their expertise in the techniques of construction at an early stage. The integration of the constructor in the design phase also assists in the pre-construction planning as they resolve the design-related issues. The designers benefit from the integration as they gain from the expertise of the constructor in an early stage. The help includes accurate budget estimates, improving designs among others. The approach works on trust and the three main participants in the project have to trust each other for them to achieve the goals.

The Integrated Project Delivery Approach has various disadvantages. Firstly, the paperwork involved in ensuring that the draft of the contract is impartial and does not favor any party is immense. Parties may also fail to disclose all their needs and requirements, and the approach does not work in scenarios where trust fails to exist. The contracts drafted may also have tricky issues on sharing of liability and risks, and this is another disadvantage of the approach. In addition, the use of this approach in the construction industry requires a change in the mindset of almost all the players. Owners, constructors, and designers must all shift from the traditional thinking that construction work is an independent task. In the past, all individuals were acting independently, and the construction industry has declined. Another disadvantage of the approach is that it leads to surrender of command and control from the owner. The owner who solely finances the project will no longer feel like the boss, as the project will be a collaboration of all the stakeholders. The approach also raises issues of uncertainty. The assumption is that all the matters will proceed as required, and there exist little or no guarantee in the scenario the stakeholders disagree.

Construction is an ongoing process, and people of all lifestyles will engage in construction at one stage of their lives. People must, therefore, appreciate and adopt new ways that will ensure the projects of construction they undertake match up to the new changes in technology. The Integrated Project Delivery Approach cannot pass without notice as it moves from the traditional methods of construction to the most recent and modern construction methods. The adoption and assimilation of this approach in the construction industry are critical to ensuring sustainable development.